World Academic Research Journals
World Academic Journal of Food Science, Human Nutrition and DieteticsISSN - 2671-4310
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World Academic Journal of Food Science, Human Nutrition and Dietetics

Investigating effects of cowpea addition and level of ripeness of plantain on the nutritional and sensory characteristics of Kaklo and Ofam in Ghana


World Academic Journal of Food Science, Human Nutrition and Dietetics ISSN 2671-4310 Vol. 2(2),pp 228-230 April, 2017. © World Academic Research Journals

Full Length Research Paper

 

Investigating effects of cowpea addition and level of ripeness of plantain on the nutritional and sensory characteristics of Kaklo and Ofam in Ghana

 

Dramani H.R*, Kwame P.U, Mensah M.S, AND Botchwey R.K

Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Ghana, P. O. Box LG 134, Legon-Accra, Ghana.

*Corresponding author. E-mail:dramani-hr@ug.edu.gh

 

Accepted 11 January, 2017

Abstract 

To investigate effects of cowpea addition and level of ripeness of plantain on the nutritional and sensory characteristics of Kaklo and Ofam in Ghana, A 2X4 factorial experiment with firm and soft ripe plantain and cowpea fortification of 0, 10, 20 and 30% was designed. The proximate composition and accepta-bility of products using a 7- point hedonic scale were evaluated. With the addition of 30% cowpea, the protein content of the Kaklo from the firm ripe and soft ripe plantain increased from 2.92% to 7.32% and 3.65% to 8.05% respectively, whilst the protein of the Ofam from the firm and soft ripe plantain also increased from 3.80% to 8.45% and 3.75% to 8.15% respectively. The 10% fortified Kaklo and Ofam were the most acceptable. The cowpea addition significantly affected the nutritional value of the Kaklo and Ofam . To obtain an acceptable cowpea fortified plantain-based snack, the fortification should be done at 10%.

 

Key words: Cowpea, fortification, level of ripeness, plantain-based snacks.