World Academic Research Journals
World Academic Journal of Agriculture and Global Food SecurityISSN - 4034-536X
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World Academic Journal of Agriculture and Global Food Security

Various economic reform strategies undertaken by governments over a period of three decades on the agricultural sector in Nigeria


World Academic Journal of Agriculture and Global Food Security ISSN 4034-536X Vol.2(3),pp 206-213 July, 2017. © World Academic Research Journals

Full Length Research Paper

 

Various economic reform strategies undertaken by governments over a period of three decades on the agricultural sector in Nigeria

 

 S. Ejovwokoghene, H. Udoji, and V. Agatha  

 Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, P. M. B, 01660 Enugu, Enugu State, Nigeria.

 *Corresponding author. E-mail: ejokezxz@yahoo.com.

Accepted 15 June, 2017

Abstract 

The various economic reform strategies undertaken by governments over a period of about three decades on the agricultural sector in Nigeria were the exploitative strategy, agricultural project strategy, direct production strategy and integrated rural development strategy. Overall, these economic reform strategies were geared toward the achievement of food self-sufficiency and food security, generation of gainful employment, increased production of raw materials for industries, increased production and processing of export crops, rational utilization of agricultural technologies for the improvement of life of its citizens. These strategies notwithstanding, government also pursued other on-going initiatives to step-up agricultural development across the country. The effects of economic reforms on the agricultural sector was examined alongside its fundamental roles of food security, supply of raw materials to industries ,provision of market, employment and foreign exchange as well as generation of savings for investment in agriculture and other sectors. Agriculture contributed minimally during the period in terms of output, market, foreign exchange and capital formation or transfer as a result of policy instability, poor coordination of policies, poor implementation and mismanagement of policy instruments and lack of transparency. It is recommended that an enduring genuine democracy and good governance should be allowed to thrive in Nigeria in order to achieve poverty reduction, sustainable livelihood and food security which will guarantee comprehensive economic development and attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

 

Key words: Agriculture reforms, effects, agriculture, Nigeria.