World Academic Research Journals
World Academic Journal of Agriculture and Global Food SecurityISSN - 4034-536X
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World Academic Journal of Agriculture and Global Food Security

Economics of maize-cowpea intercropped production in Kokona Local Government Area of Nasarawa State, Nigeria


World Academic Journal of Agriculture and Global Food Security ISSN 4034-536X Vol.2(3),pp 200-205 July, 2017. © World Academic Research Journals

Full Length Research Paper

 

Economics of maize-cowpea intercropped production in Kokona Local Government Area of Nasarawa State, Nigeria

 

*Onuk, E.G., Salau, E.S., and Sale, A

Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Faculty of Agriculture, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria.

Corresponding Author: galadima1954@gmail.com 

Received: 30 April, 2017. Accepted: 30 May, 2017

Abstract 

The continuous cultivation of a particular piece of land by farmers with little or no measures to improve the soil condition seriously affects not only the productivity of the farm but sustainability of the practice itself. This calls for assessing the economic viability of production mixture practices that has the capacity to increase productivity and ensure sustainability of the production. Hence, this study was designed to analyze economics of maize-cowpea intercropped production in Kokona Local Government Area of Nasarawa state. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 90 maize-cowpea intercropped farmers from which input-output data were collected based on 2014 cropping season with the aid of a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, gross margin and production function analyses. The results revealed that 89% of the respondents were male and most of the respondents (57%) had formal education and majority of them (53%) had farm size of less than one hectare. High cost of inputs, pests and diseases, and soil infertility were the major constraints to maize-cowpea production. Gross Margin (GM) was N13, 068.45 with return per naira invested of 0.14. The Production function analysis revealed that Seed, chemical and labour were significant factors influencing the level of maize-cowpea output in the study area. It is recommended that simple labour-saving technology should be made available and affordable in study area to reduce the production cost for higher efficiency and greater revenue generation.

 

Keywords: Analysis, gross margin, inter-cropped, maize-cowpea, productivity, Profitability.